2000yr old Thirukural

Thursday, February 10, 2011

china next super power coverage

China's declared ambition is to become the world's superpower by 2025. It
 can reach there much sooner. In many ways, it is already there. In terms of
 development, India is a good 50 to 60 years behind, if not more. Here are
 some of the lesser known nuggets of information on China that demonstrate
 why China is already a formidable power.

 China has a ten-year supply of oil and gas energy booked at the lowest
 market point ($34 to $40 per bbl) of any nation. It is rapidly converting 10
 percent of its energy sources to alternative forms much higher than the very
 small 1 to 2 percent achieved by most of Western Europe thus far.

 China's biggest mantra of success with the Middle East, Africa, and Central
 Asia is its oil and gas diplomacy. China used to be an oil exporter, but
 about a decade ago it turned into a net oil importer. This way, China sought
 to kill many birds with one stone. For one, China made friends and
 influenced people in these countries by buying their oil. Secondly, by doing
 this, China started replicating the U.S. strategy of building its POL
 reserves–definitely a superpower-ish behavior. The Chinese involvement with
 Central Asia is best exemplified by its gas pipeline diplomacy.

 China has very quickly and methodically interwoven its economy with
 economies of as diverse regions as Africa (South Africa and Nigeria), Latin
 America (Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Ecuador), Oceana (Australia and New
 Zealand), Middle East (Iran), Central Asia (virtually every country in the
 region) and ASEAN (Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines). This tactic
 has proven to be a major factor for China to successfully absorb the shocks
 of global recession that started in September 2008 and is still not over.

 Needless to say that the Chinese juggernaut is moving at a breakneck speed
 as it milks its more than ten producing gold mines and sets its sights on
 five new and developing oil fields coming on stream by 2015-17.

 China maintains a reasonably good balance between agriculture and industry.
 China has the largest car market in the world and at the same time its
 agricultural base is sound. China is not merely self sufficient in food
 production but a net exporter of products like edible oil, rice and meat, to
 name a few. The Chinese food security scenario is all set to be all the more
 rosy with its recent free trade deal with ASEAN. Because of this free trade
 agreement, the cost of living for southern and south western China is
 expected to be pushed lower by as much as 19 percent as these regions of
 China will have access to much cheaper vegetables, fruits and other food
 articles through ASEAN imports.

 China possesses a stockpile of rare earth metals for military and domestic
 use that can easily last for the next two decades. The past few weeks have
 demonstrated how China has flexed its rare earths muscle with Japan.

 Though it is not verified, Beijing has claimed to have the world's largest
 English-speaking population, pegged at some 390 million under-35 people who
 can speak and understand basic English.

 China's infrastructural forays are very well known. China is going to add a
 huge network of 13,000 km of new high speed rail across the length and
 breadth of the country in the next three years. This rapid connectivity will
 not only facilitate its citizens and tourists to reach anywhere inside China
 within eight hours by rail; this massive infrastructure is expected to
 create as many as 12 million jobs.

 In China everything is big. So is the case with its army that exceeds that
 of the United States by at least 5:1. The 60th anniversary parade on October
 1, 2009 showcased the teeth and diversity of the Chinese military might,
 which demonstrated supersonic aircraft, drones, a wide array of missiles,
 Special Forces, ground mobility vehicle and high-technology equipment.

 China is acutely aware of the racial challenges to the majority Han people
 and to the State itself. That is why since 2007-08, Beijing has started
 catering to non-Han racial groups. Now as a matter of policy, China is
 increasingly encouraging celebration of the multicultural diversity of all
 56 ethnic groups. Their local festivals, languages, art, music and dance are
 being promoted in an effort to knit all these ethnic groups together.
 Importantly, China is paying close attention to the protection of heritage
 and natural sites of non-Han ethnic groups (China has 17 World Heritage

 Space—the final frontier—is another area of deep focus for China.  It is
 significant that while America's NASA is gasping for funds, China has
 loosened its purse strings, aggressively pursuing plans for its own space
 station, deep space programme, and cutting edge space technologies. Besides,
 China is leaving no area of importance untouched and pouring in massive
 funds in such diverse sectors as nanotechnology, biotechnology,
 transportation, agriculture, textiles, environmental science, and medicine.
 The 242 exhibits at the recent Shanghai World Expo gave a sneak peak to the
 world where China is headed in the near future.

 The moral of the story is simple. China is here to stay. The 21st century is
 projected to be the century of Asia. As of now, China is well poised to
 justify it. The way China is proceeding it may well be China's Century.

 By. Rajeev Sharma
 Source: Diplomatic Courier

No comments:

Blog Archive